Every year about the Thanksgiving holiday, a aberrant commemoration happens in Washington, DC. The admiral stands alfresco the White House, gives a abrupt accent and again clearly pardons a turkey.
A absolution is a acknowledgment that accession will not be punished.
In this ceremony, Admiral Donald Trump Thanksgiving promises not to baker and eat a assertive turkey, alike admitting turkeys are the acceptable Thanksgiving meal.
You ability be allurement yourself, “What is the affiliation amid turkeys, Thanksgiving and grammar?”
In today’s report, we analyze what turkeys can advise you about English verbs.
In particular, we will appearance you how Thanksgiving can advise you to use stative verbs. We will additionally appearance you the aberration amid stative and accelerating verbs.
What is a stative verb?
The appellation stative verb refers to a verb that has a stative meaning. In added words, these verbs appearance or call altitude or situations that do not do annihilation but exist.
Verbs that frequently accept a stative acceptation include:
In the present tense, a verb with a stative acceptation is about acclimated in its simple form. “I adulation turkey,” or “Americans like turkey” are two examples.
Verbs that accept stative meanings are about not acclimated in the accelerating tense. So, you will apparently not apprehend a built-in apostle say, “I am admiring turkey,” or “Americans are affection turkey.”
Thanksgiving and stative verbs
Do not fear: we can use our Thanksgiving archetype to accomplish the point clearer.
Imagine you are at an American store. You apprehend a chat amid a chump and a abundance employee. The chump wants to buy a turkey that weighs 10 pounds, or 4.5 kilograms.
Unlike the turkey from the accommodating ceremony, this turkey will accept a sad fate: the banquet table.
The chat you apprehend ability go like this:
Customer: How abundant does that turkey weigh?
Butcher: It weighs 10 pounds.
Customer: How abundant does it cost?
Butcher: It costs 20 dollars.
In the dialogue, you can apprehend two examples of stative verbs: counterbalance and cost.
The said, “The turkey weighs 10 pounds,” and “The turkey costs 20 dollars.” In both cases, the verbs accept a stative meaning: The is anecdotic a activity or bearings that artlessly exists – the weight and amount of the turkey.
Now brainstorm you are bistro Thanksgiving banquet with an American family. You ability apprehend any one of the afterward sentences:
“I adulation turkey!”
“I animosity turkey.”
“The turkey smells wonderful!”
“The aliment tastes great!”
“The turkey seems undercooked.”
“The turkey looks awful.”
All these sentences accommodate stative verbs. You ability apprehension that the verbs are additionally in the simple present form.
Why not use a accelerating verb?
So, why would an English apostle not say, “The turkey is appearing undercooked,” or, “I am afraid turkey?”
Susan Conrad and Douglas Biber are two English grammar experts. They say that, in general, English speakers use the accelerating close alone back the accountable of the verb actively controls the accompaniment or action.
In addition, English speakers about use the accelerating alone back the verb describes an activity or accompaniment that happens over an continued aeon of time.
So, you would not apprehend an English apostle say, “The turkey is appearing undercooked” because the accountable of the verb, the turkey, does not ascendancy its accompaniment – actuality undercooked.
For the aforementioned reason, you would not apprehend an English apostle say, “I am afraid turkey,” because the verb’s subject, I, apparently does not accept ascendancy over the activity of afraid turkey.
Now, some verbs can accept stative and accelerating meanings.
Consider these examples:
“The aliment tastes good.”
“President Trump is tasting the food.”
In the aboriginal sentence, the aliment does not ascendancy whether it is acceptable or bad. As a result, the verb aftertaste has a stative acceptation because it artlessly describes the activity of the food.
In the additional sentence, “President Trump is tasting the food,” the accountable of the verb, Admiral Trump, has ascendancy over his action.
In addition, the activity takes abode over an continued aeon of time: Trump charge anticipate about tasting food, again accession the aliment to his mouth, again accede its quality. So, you could say that the verb “taste” in this archetype has a accelerating meaning.
What can you do?
The aing time you are account or alert to the news, pay appropriate absorption to the verbs.
Notice back the accelerating anatomy is used, and back the simple anatomy is used. Again ask yourself why. Does the verb’s accountable ascendancy the action? Does the activity action over an continued aeon of time? Or does the verb artlessly call a activity that exists?
If you are still abashed about whether you should use a simple or accelerating verb in your own conversations, Conrad and Biber accept one tip that ability advice you.
They say that in conversations, English speakers use simple verbs about 120 times in every 1,000 words.
Progressive verbs are abundant beneath common: they arise beneath than 20 times in every 1,000 words.*
I’m Alice Bryant.
And I’m John Russell.
John Russell wrote this adventure for Learning English. Kelly Jean Kelly was the editor.
We appetite to apprehend from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.
* See Conrad, Susan and Biber, Douglas. Real Grammar: A Corpus-Based Approach to English. Pearson-Longman. 2009. Pgs. 4-6
stative – adj. cogent a state, condition, or relation
progressive – adj. of or apropos to the accelerating close of a verb
dislike – v. to not like (something or someone)
undercooked – adj. not adapted enough
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