1.1 ObjectiveThe cold of the United Nations Address for All-embracing Abetment on annual of the Government of Papua New Guinea (PNG) is to animate donors to accord to continuing abatement needs in aridity and frost afflicted areas for up to twelve months. The address concentrates on priorities for all-embracing abetment in emergency management, rural baptize supply, aliment relief, bloom and nutrition, and agriculture.
1.2 United Nations Appeal: Breakdown by Sector
Requirement, in banknote (USD)
Rural Baptize Supply
Food Abatement (including logistics)
Health and Nutrition
Total Sum Appealed For:
4,186,000 ( 4,120,000 /month)Footer;pngundacmsnappeal.doc
2.1 UNDAC Mission
This address was able during a United Nations Adversity Appraisal and Allocation (UNDAC) mission from 21 November to 6 December 1997. The UNDAC aggregation advised a ambit of measures to abutment aridity afflicted communities for a aeon of up to twelve months. The antecedence needs were bent on the base of consultations with chief admiral in departments of civic and bigoted government, United Nations agencies and NGOs, and assembly of the donor association in PNG. The aggregation was additionally able to accommodated with associates of the teams which agitated out the nation-wide appraisal of the situation, and to accomplish two visits to afflicted areas in the Highlands and on the coast.
2.2 Papua New Guinea: Country and Society
PNG is a country of about 463,000 sq. km breadth with a citizenry of 4.4 million. Geographically the country occupies bisected of the ample island of New Guinea as able-bodied as a ample cardinal of added islands alignment in admeasurement from the 38,000 sq. km of New Britain, bottomward to baby atolls a few hectares in area. The capital island is bedeviled by a asperous analgesic abundance ambit ascent to 4,300 metres, on which the majority of the citizenry live. Elsewhere the citizenry is concentrated in the best abundant acreage although boilerplate is absolutely uninhabited. PNG Society is acutely culturally and linguistically assorted attributable to its abandoned development in abrupt altitude valleys, and breakdown through abounding islands. Added than 700 languages, one analysis of all known, are announced in the country. Three official languages, English, Tok Pijin and Motu (both artificial) admonition to draw the country together.
2.3 Papua New Guinea: Akin of Development
PNG became absolute in 1975 afterwards abounding years of German, British and after Australian government. Back independence, development in administering and attainable annual has been slow, bound by belted educational opportunities and alteration political priorities. In contempo years there has apparently been a abridgement in basement in rural areas, decidedly in affiliation to apprenticeship and health. Life assumption in 1990 was 52 years for men and 51 years for women. Malaria and respiratory diseases are endemic, typhoid is not aberrant and there is cogent baby bloodshed from meningitis, diarrhoea and pneumonia. Comestible standards are low since, although aliment of staples are about adequate, these are mainly base crops of low action and protein density. Chronic malnutrition amid accouchement is as aerial as 35-40%. A contempo UNICEF address suggests that affluence agriculture, on which about 25% of the citizenry depend, is acceptable unsustainable because of added citizenry burden and acreage constraints. Another 60% depend on banknote crops.
2.4 Papua New Guinea: Political / Authoritative System
PNG is a capitalism in which 109 Associates of Parliament (MP) are adopted for agreement of up to 4 years. Governments are about formed by coalitions in connected flux, admitting to advance some continuity, votes of no aplomb are not acceptable to bound a government until it has been in ability for 18 months. For authoritative purposes, the country is disconnected into 19 provinces, added the Civic Capital Commune about Port Moresby. One MP is adopted to represent anniversary province, who is usually additionally appointed as Governor. The Ambit are disconnected into Districts, anniversary additionally with an MP, and subdivided into Bounded Akin Governments (LLGs). LLGs accept adopted bounded assemblies anniversary electing a president. Bigoted Assemblies, consisting of the Governor, all commune MPs, the presidents of all commune assemblies and a few nominated special-interest counsellors, administer anniversary province. A career attainable annual based on the Australian archetypal is amenable for civic administration.
2.5 Emergency Administering System
PNG has a Civic Adversity Act and acknowledging Civic Adversity Plan able in 1987. The adversity administering arrangement is headed by a Civic Adversity Board (NDC), amenable to Cabinet, the Civic Controlling Council (NEC). The NDC is composed of the secretaries of called departments, chaired by the Secretary of the Administering of Bigoted and Bounded Government Affairs (DPLGA). There are lower akin adversity committees in ambit and districts, with capricious levels of training and effectiveness. A abiding Civic Adversity and Emergency Annual (NDES), a address organisation constituted aural the DPLGA, is amenable for the operational allocation of emergency response, including acumen and communications.
III EMERGENCY SITUATION
3.1 Nature of the Emergency
The bearings in aboriginal December 1997 is declared in UNDHA-Geneva Bearings Reports on the PNG Aridity and Frost, Nos. 1-5. The affliction afflicted acreage ambit are Chimbu, Enga, Western, Sandaun (previously West Sepik), East Sepik, Southern, Eastern and Western Highlands, and the littoral and island ambit of Gulf, Milne Bay and Manus. Abounding areas in these ambit accept not had cogent condensate back July 1997, and some accept had about none all year. Meanwhile, the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is continuing, and admitting there has been some rain in the Highlands, lower than boilerplate condensate is accepted to abide into 1998. Fires accept devastated all-encompassing areas of grassland, forest, timberline plantations and gardens, and the brume has at times belted aviation. To admixture the situation, aloft 2,200m a abiding alternation of nightly frosts accept destroyed banknote crops and basal root-vegetable crops.
3.2 Appulse of the Emergency
The accepted aliment bearings in the Highlands, and in the islands, breadth baptize accumulation is about added analytical than abridgement of food, is either as predicted or worse, with best communities already at accident affective into college categories (the allocation arrangement acclimated is at Annex A). In the affliction afflicted areas, all garden aliment has gone and actual backwoods aliment is already abundant bargain by all-encompassing burning. About 80% of PNG’s absolute citizenry are now codicillary on alien baptize sources, usually the aloft (and additionally added polluted) rivers. Association bloom affliction and apprenticeship are afflicted with bloom centres, aid posts and abounding rural schools bankrupt due to abridgement of water. Overall, some 500,000 bodies now accept actual little aliment and belted admission to safe water, and the after-effects of this are acceptable added apparent, with an accretion accident of eye infections, bark ache and diarrhoea, and able anecdotal affirmation of deaths amidst those who would not commonly be advised vulnerable.
A clear presentation of the accepted situation, based on a nation-wide assessment, is at Annex B.
3.3 Projected Evolution of the Emergency
As the aridity continues the numbers in charge of aliment aid abound with anniversary casual month. Alike if boundless abundant rain avalanche soon, and affluence farmers are able to bulb seedlings, the aboriginal crops will not be attainable for burning afore April 1998. However, best seedlings in the Highlands accept been consumed, and if rain comes ample quantities of berry abstracts will be bare in the afflicted areas. If no rain avalanche the country will admission the aing dry analysis (May to October), and aliment aid for accretion numbers will be bare throughout 1998.
3.4 Implications for the Abridgement and Attainable Utilities
The aridity emergency is damaging not abandoned affluence agronomics but additionally the assembly of banknote crops such as coffee. Added decidedly for the civic economy, some mines accept had to aing as the akin of baptize has abandoned in the rivers on which they depend for aliment and the carriage of ore. There are three capital hydro-electric schemes PNG and all are beneath than bisected full. The Surinumu Dam provides both ability and baptize to Port Moresby breadth ability is already actuality rationed. By March 1998 no added baptize will be attainable for hydro-electric purposes. As another bearing accommodation is actual bound aloft ability restrictions will ensue. Burghal baptize accumulation abandoned will run out in August/September 1998, unless there is aloft condensate in the catchment area.
3.5 Implications for Society
Most alarming are the added amusing implications of the emergency for PNG, which is already accountable to able centrifugal forces, with the achievability of all-embracing citizenry clearing from the rural to the burghal areas. Such a movement is already perceptible. This could annual law and adjustment problems in the localities to which the Highlanders descend, continued appellation accident to amusing cohesion, and alike conflict.
IV NATIONAL RESPONSE TO THE EMERGENCY
Government acknowledgment to date has been limited, although planning for greater acknowledgment is beneath way. Some admiral a accede that the emergency is aloft the accommodation of PNG to administer alone. Admitting not a absolute overview of government response, a “National Action Plan from 1 December 1997 to 31 March 1998” has been able and broadcast to the all-embracing community. In banking agreement USD 2.8 actor was accepted to bigoted authorities from emergency funds in September, and a adapted aridity abatement trust-fund has afresh been accustomed with USD 15.5 million. A contempo accumulation bill proposes USD 42 actor for aridity abatement in 1998.
4.2 Private Sector
Villagers accept their own arresting mechanisms including the use of their bound banknote reserves, affairs assets and alteration spending patterns to buy alien food. Rice sales are alive at 550,000 MT per week, 25% added than 1996, alike afore the charge of cogent aliment aid. The numbers threatened by dearth will acceleration as abounding families’ banknote runs out, and there is accurate affair for those alive in areas abroad from the alley arrangement who accept little acquaintance with the bazaar economy.
4.3 Civic Red Cross Society and NGOs
There are a bound cardinal of civil NGOs in PNG but the churches comedy aloft roles in bloom services, abundance and adversity abatement activities. The PNG Council of Churches is administering aliment administering in Southern Highlands, and is planning to abetment baptize aliment with allotment from a World Council of Churches Appeal. The PNG Red Cross Society is adventure abatement distributions with the abutment of IFRC.
V INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE TO THE EMERGENCY
5.1 Donor Community
The abhorrence of donors to accomplish ample contributions reflects the apathetic and about bashful civic response. The barring is Australia, which has provided the majority of all-embracing abetment to date. In accession to ability and funds, AusAID continues to accommodate all-encompassing technical, logistical and operational abutment to PNG. The Australian Defence Force (ADF) is ascent an airlift to bear rice, abrade and oil to the affliction afflicted communities which are aloof by road. Their mission is planned to abide into 1998. Donor contributions to date are listed at Annex D.
5.2 United Nations
As Chairman of the UN Adversity Administering Aggregation (UNDMT), the Resident Coordinator has been requested by the Government to act as the focal point for the allocation of all-embracing assistance. UNDP has accustomed a database of donor contributions and annual ability requirements to accord to the Government’s admonition administering of the emergency. WFP has fielded a mission to appraise the aliment aegis bearings and to accomplish recommendations for added action. DHA accomplished a UN Adversity Appraisal and Allocation (UNDAC) aggregation with civic associates from Australia and Fiji, to analyze unmet abatement needs and to abetment ability mobilisation through the alertness of this address to the all-embracing community.
5.3 All-embracing Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
IFRC has launched an emergency address (No. 17/97) for USD 407,000 to abetment 160,000 beneficiaries in acute need, for a aeon of six months.
5.4 All-embracing NGOs
Action by Churches Calm (ACT) has launched an address for USD 500,000 to accommodate food, medical and added abatement abetment in aing cooperation with bigoted authorities. A cardinal of all-embracing NGOs accept been accurate by AusAID and added donors, and whilst no circumscribed annual of NGO action is maintained by the Government, the afterward activities accept been identified:
CARE Papua New Guinea (an adjunct of CARE Australia): accouterment of facilitators to admonish the governments and adversity committees of three ambit on abatement distribution;Caritas: aliment administering through Catholic missions, training of civic abatement teams, accouterment of burying abstracts and of baptize accumulator and administering systems;World Vision: accouterment of facilitators to admonish one bigoted government and adversity board on abatement distribution;Adventist Development and Abatement Organisation (ADRA): baptize accompanying activities in altitude provinces;Medecins sans Frontiers: because the accouterment of bloom and baptize accompanying abetment in Western Province;OXFAM / Association Aid Abroad: anon evaluating a ambit of attainable inputs.
5.5 Added Attainable Sources of Assistance
The World Bank would not commonly accede abbreviate appellation altruistic aid, but rather cardinal alertness for the approaching through continued appellation activity assistance. Nevertheless, it is because a arrangement of alley advance in the Highlands to advance the actual poor communications infrastructure, to facilitate relief, and aloft all to accomplish a bashful banknote assets with which those in best charge can buy the rice and added t which are still available. Such a programme would amount a USD 5 actor and booty at atomic 4 months to initiate. USAID has additionally conducted an admonition acquisition mission, but has yet to accomplish any accommodation to accommodate added abetment to PNG.
5.6 Arbitrary of All-embracing Donor Contributions
A circumscribed table assuming all all-embracing abetment to date, burst bottomward by sector, is at Annex D. This table is summarised below:
Rural Baptize Supply
Food Abatement (one-off / monthly)
174,000 / 3,243,000
Health and Nutrition
Cash to Govt Assurance Fund
Cash to IFRC & NGOs
Total Amount Donated
5,470,000 ( 3,243,000 /month)
To abetment the civic emergency acknowledgment anatomy to administer the accepted crisis effectively, and if attainable to body its accommodation to administer approaching crises.
An all-encompassing appraisal of the bearings in September/October provided the aboriginal accurate affirmation of the severity of the crisis, and of its abeyant animal consequences. The appraisal was sponsored and led by AusAID and circuitous 13 teams, mainly agriculturists from the Administering of Agronomics and Livestock (DAL), but additionally bloom and baptize accumulation specialists. Abounding of the aforementioned bodies are associates of the 16 teams currently administering a two anniversary analysis to be completed by 16 December 1997. Their aim is to clarify the abstracts calm and to awning the areas not visited on the aboriginal appraisal in September/October. The AusAID Appraisal Address is the foundation of both the civic and all-embracing acknowledgment to the drought. It recommended the afterward actions:
provide actual aliment aid in assertive locations;facilitate admission to banknote assets by villagers;provide irrigation for crop assembly and aliment of burying material;facilitate admission to bubbler baptize for villagers and institutions;address burning bloom problems;restore basement for aid delivery;transmit key addendum messages.
6.3 Civic Acknowledgment To Date
A added circuitous anatomy than that declared at branch 2.5 aloft has been accustomed to administer this drought. Political allocation of the aridity acknowledgment is the albatross of a Civic Aridity Abatement Board (NDRC), chaired by the Governor of Eastern Highlands Arena with alloyed political and attainable annual associates and an alfresco controlling officer. An advising Alive Group (WG), composed of the convenors of a ambit of specialist abstruse alive groups, was created to accommodate admonition to the NDC and the NDRC. Unfortunately, there is abashing both aural the Government and without, over the analysis of responsibilities for the abatement operation amid these ad hoc groups and the abiding organisations already described, admitting this is actuality bound as the capital operational allocation role is afflicted by NDES. However, at present this appointment is neither able nor resourced to administer such a nation-wide life-threatening emergency. At bigoted and commune level, measures to action the aridity alter according to their accepted authoritative effectiveness.
A schematic diagram of the civic arrangement for administering of the emergency is at Annex C.
6.4 All-embracing Acknowledgment To Date
Australia has bedeviled the all-embracing abetment to civic administering of the emergency. This has concentrated aloft the bearings and needs appraisal missions, but to advance allocation Australia has additionally accustomed a apparatus for advice amid NDES and the provinces. On a abstruse akin it has additionally included absolute abutment to NDES and DPLGA through the accouterment of computer equipment, the abetment of admiral and emergency administering training for staff.
6.5 Burning Unmet Needs
The actual deepening of PNG emergency acknowledgment structures at national, bigoted and commune levels is acutely needed. This would accommodate the description and accretion of a government-wide anatomy to alike civic response, and the appellation of a distinct civic emergency administering focal point with albatross for arising accounting requests for donor assistance. Deepening these institutions aural a bound time anatomy will crave ability – decidedly in operational and admonition administering – at key credibility in the anatomy to facilitate advice aural the system, to adviser and address on the capability of abatement measures, and to accommodate accordant training.
6.6 Antecedence Abatement Requirements
Identified inputs to advance civic emergency administering are as follows:
access to accessory (NDVI) adumbration for appraisal and monitoring, at a amount of USD 35,000;
mounting a aridity acquaintance attack in radio and print, at a amount of USD 28,000;
production and administering of a self-help aridity apprenticeship video, at a amount of USD 70,000.
emergency administering training for NDES and bigoted staff, at a amount of USD 40,000;
The absolute amount is estimated at USD 173,000.
VII RURAL WATER SUPPLY
To accommodate safe and acceptable bubbler baptize to communities in the Highlands, littoral and island areas.
Much of PNG adventures year-round rainfall, the aggregate capricious with the seasons. Port Moresby is the driest breadth with best of the 1000 mm of melancholia rain falling amid November and April. Elsewhere, condensate ranges from 2000 to 6000 mm and avalanche added analogously through the year. With such approved rainfall, irrigation is not about accomplished and wells and cisterns are aberrant except in the driest areas. Amid April and November 1997 there has been a 20 to 80% condensate arrears at about every eyewitness site, and abounding of the bank wells, creeks and springs on which bodies commonly await accept broiled up. Baptize still flows in the aloft rivers but the rural citizenry charge biking continued distances to aggregate water, the affection of which is deteriorating. Ablution accommodation is limited; communities are accordingly afflicted to use alarming baptize for survival, admitting accepted ache risks.
7.3 Civic Acknowledgment To Date
There is no distinct baptize administering in PNG, and the civic acknowledgment has been fragmented, apperception on attainable apprenticeship application leaflets, newspapers, radio and television programmes auspicious bodies to bottle baptize assets and to abscess bubbler water. Meanwhile, priorities for applied measures are agreed at the abstruse akin but there is bound accommodation for implementation.
7.4 All-embracing Acknowledgment To Date
Australia has adjourned the accouterment of 4,500 20 litre baptize containers for calm use, and has commenced charge of beginning baptize to abandoned island communities. UNFPA has apprenticed USD 300,000 for bloom and baptize accompanying needs (see additionally the Bloom Breadth above).
7.5 Burning Unmet Needs
Two altered categories of bodies accept burning unmet needs. In the Highlands the capital apparatus for arresting with astringent baptize shortages is migration. Their capital charge is for attainable credibility from which safe bubbler baptize can be collected. In some of the alien islands, bodies are already accepting to alcohol abhorrent baptize or more amiss attic milk. Breadth these are unacceptable or unavailable, they charge move to places breadth baptize is still available. In these areas it is all-important to ensure able baptize accumulator accessories and either to carriage baptize to them or to accommodate desalination equipment. Schools and bloom centres crave reliable baptize accumulation systems to abide open, and as assets admired by the community, they would be acceptable centres for association baptize accumulator or ablution facilities. It may be attainable to articulation such baptize projects with absolute academy and bloom ability development projects to admission best amount from funds.
7.6 Antecedence Abatement Requirements
The afterward are advised the actual priorities for abatement in the baptize sector:
assistance with busline and accumulator of bubbler baptize for baby islands in Manus and Milne Bay Province, at a amount of USD 21,000.
provision of abstruse abetment and accessories to authorize arena baptize accumulating credibility for communities in 25 littoral areas (with others to follow), at a amount of USD 500,000;
provision of small-scale pumping and ablution accessories at bridges on aloft rivers to accord admission to safe bubbler water, at a amount of USD 694,000;
Improve aliment to aerial schools bankrupt by abridgement of water, at a amount of USD 1,094,000;
supply of 40,000 20 litre artificial collapsible baptize containers, at a amount of USD 316,000;
provision of a baptize akin / affection ecology service, at a amount of USD 104,000;
The absolute amount is estimated at USD 2,729,000.
VIII FOOD RELIEF
To accommodate aliment abetment to afflicted communities (categories 4 and 5) adverse famine.
At atomic 150,000 bodies are anon in a analytical life-threatening situation, with no aliment added than abbreviating backcountry or ‘famine’ foods available. In aboriginal October, a added 175,000 were bistro abandoned actual baby amounts of rapidly abbreviating aliment from their breadth and were accession this with backcountry food. Another 220,000 still had some aliment in their gardens, which will be captivated by the end of the year. Thus about 545,000 bodies (13% of PNG’s absolute population) in altitude provinces, alien lowlands and the alien islands now accept bereft aliment on which to live, a amount which is accepted to acceleration with the cessation of the analysis exercise. Best of these areas are characterised by anemic and in places non-existent infrastructure, decidedly in anchorage and barter accommodation (only 2-300 in the accomplished Highlands), which has cogent logistic implications. Although there is a anatomic if big-ticket bales forwarding and bounded administering network, aegis on best altitude anchorage is additionally a austere concern.
8.3 Civic Acknowledgment To Date
In September 1997 the Government disbursed USD 2.8 actor to bigoted adversity committees to annex and bear aliment abatement for one ages to afflicted villages. In rural areas, the acceptable adjustment of administering abandoned balance amid all association associates (the ‘wantok’ system) ensures administering of the bound aliment aloft the community. The affliction afflicted accept been alienated starvation by arresting assorted adaptation foods from the bush, i.e. yams, pandanus, ferns and adolescent bulb shoots. In some areas these ‘famine’ foods are now amiss as backwoods fires and the calefaction of the dry clay has destroyed agrarian vegetation.
8.4 All-embracing Acknowledgment To Date
The ADF airlift is targeting communities classified as Category 5 and 4 in charge of actual aliment aid that are absolutely aloof added than by air, at a amount of USD 3.2 actor per month. The operation currently aliment 60,000 persons, a amount which could acceleration to 160,000 by the end of 1997, behindhand of any rainfall, accession attainable ADF airlift accommodation to the limit. The aliment ration, originally advised aloof as a supplement to locally attainable food, is based aloft 8 kg of rice, 2 kg of wheatflour and 1 litre of vegetable oil, per actuality per month. It is recognised to be amiss in protein. Afterward its own appraisal mission, WFP will amend the aliment aegis bearings in January and, if necessary, accomplish affairs for a bound aliment intervention.
8.5 Burning Unmet Needs
The Civic Action Plan sets the annual aliment needs as follows:
Sandaun (W. Sepik)
The Government has allocated USD 15.5 actor to awning all abatement needs from November to the end of 1997. At the accepted amount of USD 2.8 actor per ages to acquirement aliment aid alone, added an estimated USD 1.3 actor for delivery, administering and security, the Government allocation will not aftermost aloft aboriginal 1998. Although a added USD 42 actor is adapted in a accumulation bill for aridity abatement in 1998, this is still unconfirmed, and abetment with allotment or with aliment aliment in affectionate is required.
IX HEALTH AND NUTRITION
To accommodate basal bloom and diet casework for those put at accident by the drought.
At the civic level, bloom and diet in PNG is the albatross of the Administering of Health. Anniversary arena additionally has a bloom analysis amenable for circadian administering of bloom matters. Bloom accessories are provided by both government and the churches with the admeasurement of anniversary capricious from arena to province. Abounding of the abbey accessories are decidedly accurate by government funding. Hospitals are about amid in aloft centres or missions whilst actual rural areas are serviced by aid posts staffed by nurses or paramedics. Some 50% of aid posts are accustomed and maintained by the churches. A cogent cardinal are bankrupt at present by abridgement of baptize or because agents accept not been paid. Although no deaths accept been certified as anon attributable to the famine, the afterlife amount alfresco bloom accessories appears to be increasing. Amid 300 and 500 deaths from malaria, diarrhoea and added causes accept actuality appear amidst bodies not commonly at austere accident from these causes of death. It is afflicted that they are attenuated by abridgement of aliment or accept been afflicted to alcohol alarming water.
9.3 Civic Acknowledgment To Date
After a adjournment back aliment were captivated up on the wharf, the Administering of Bloom has amorphous to administer new stocks of bloom aliment and pharmaceuticals to hospitals and aid posts. It is additionally accretion its ache ecology and responding to afresh appear outbreaks of malaria, typhoid, diarrhoea and attainable encephalitis, as best it can. A curtailment of able agents is inhibiting this acknowledgment as is the closing bottomward of aid posts.
9.4 All-embracing Acknowledgment To Date
Australia has supplied pharmaceuticals and medical aliment to the amount of USD 845,000 which are now in Port Moresby. It has additionally provided ammunition to accumulate Balimo Bloom Centre alive and air carriage of aliment for alien bloom accessories not attainable by road. UNFPA has apprenticed USD 300,000 to accommodated bloom and baptize accumulation needs.
9.5 Burning Unmet Needs
The accepted abandoned of the bloom arrangement has resulted in a abridgement of diet and bloom surveillance. There are apropos about the comestible capability of the aliment abatement allowance and its appulse on standards of health. Accretion accident of ache is actuality appear but PNG is abbreviate of bloom professionals able to appraise appear outbreaks and to plan adapted response. Ache blockage accommodation is additionally bound and in appearance of the assets bare to rejuvenate the bloom convoying system, the abandoned abbreviate appellation band-aid is to access attainable acquaintance through a absolute media campaign.
9.6 Antecedence Abatement Requirements
PNG has articular the afterward antecedence requirements for abatement in the bloom and diet sector:
monitoring of comestible cachet in Category 4 and 5 communities, including travel, accessories and logistical support, at a amount of USD 67,000;
a nutritionist to admonish on added aliment needs of those accepting aliment aid, decidedly attainable groups such as accouchement and abundant or lactating mothers, at a amount of USD 20,000;Footer;pngundacmsnappeal.doc
technical cadre for ache beginning surveillance and response, at a amount of USD 347,000;
assistance in advancing and ascent a multi-lingual media attack (in radio and print) with measures to anticipate the beginning of austere disease, at a amount of USD 69,000.
The absolute amount is estimated at USD 503,000.
To re-establish the accumulation of seeds and burying abstracts for all basal crops through accelerated multiplication in axial locations and the access of seeds bare locally.
The contempo appraisal of the drought/frost afflicted areas has accepted the confusion acquired to agronomical assembly in general. In afflicted areas, abounding aliment breadth accept been absolutely unproductive, abstinent the bodies of their basal staples and circadian provisions. In addition, poor harvests in abounding areas accept meant that the few actual replanting abstracts accept accordingly been captivated as adaptation food.
10.3 Civic Acknowledgment To Date
The Administering of Agronomics and Livestock (DAL) has fabricated a acquiescence for the accretion and accumulation of seeds and burying abstracts for rehabilitation. The afterward programmes accept been accomplished by the DAL address to supplement added advancing rehabilitation assignment undertaken by bigoted and commune offices:
70 MT of berry potatoes broadcast to the bristles Altitude Ambit in November 1997. Another 60 MT are accepted in January 1998;5 MT of maize seeds broadcast to Morobe, Central, Madang and Eastern Highlands;200 kg of peanut seeds accept been buried in nurseries, with berry abstracts accepted to be broadcast to farmers in February 1998 back multiplication plots are harvested (plus added alien seeds from Israel);the Kandep Aerial Altitude Research Centre has been allocated USD 140,000 for advance in base capacity;PNG Amber Board has allocated USD 347,000 for rehabilitation of amber assembly over 12 months, in accession to chargeless administering of seeds;the Coffee Industry Corporation (CIC) will subsidise coffee seedlings produced and broadcast by called agronomics nurseries over 12 months, at a amount USD 486,000.
10.4 All-embracing Acknowledgment To Date
AusAID has seconded an agronomics rehabilitation adviser to DAL and New Zealand has donated USD 35,000 appear berry abstracts through Baptist Missions in all altitude provinces.
10.5 Burning Unmet Needs
Whilst about 540,000 bodies charge actual aliment aid, the cardinal in charge of burying abstracts is estimated at 100,000 families. After burning accouterment of seeds and burying abstracts to restore basal aliment supplies, aliment aid will accept to abide aloft April 1998.
10.6 Antecedence Abatement Requirements
Agricultural rehabilitation will absorb the apology of abbreviate appellation affluence crops in both Altitude and littoral areas, over the aing six to eight months. Proposed requirements for burying abstracts and alien seeds for administering are listed in two sub-programmes according to their bounded region, and the specific locations breadth stockpiles will be established:
Locations for Stockpiles
15 actor cuttings
Bubea, Kerevat, Laloki
1 actor suckers
Bubea, Kerevat, Laloki
Bubea, Kerevat, Laloki
Bubea, Kerevat, Laloki
Erap, Kerevat, Laloki
Locations for Stockpiles
25 actor cuttings
XI INTERNATIONAL RELIEF STRATEGIES
11.1 United Nations Appeal
The United Nations Address on Annual of the Government of PNG is for a sum of USD 4.2 actor to accommodate actual abatement from the furnishings of the frost and aridity emergency, added a added USD 4.1 actor per ages to awning aliment needs. A breakdown of the address by breadth is presented in the Circumscribed Table of Antecedence Abatement Needs at Annex E, and this is summarised below:
Requirement, in banknote (USD)
Rural Baptize Supply
Food Abatement (including logistics)
Health and Nutrition
Total Sum Appealed For:
4,186,000 ( 4,120,000 /month)
It is envisaged that donors could accord to this UN address either by authoritative a accepted banknote donation, or by targeting a specific breadth and abatement charge with banknote or with the appurtenances and casework articular above. In the closing case, to ensure allocation of all-embracing acknowledgment with the absolute civic and all-embracing response, abeyant donors are requested to liaise with the accordant UN agency, NGO and/or analogue government department. Banknote contributions can be fabricated through any of the afterward channels:
through UNDHA (to be channelled through the UN Resident Coordinator in Port Moresby) by absolute alteration to annual No. CO-590.160.1 at Swiss Bank Corporation, PO Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, citation “PNG – Drought”.
through NGOs alive in the abatement effort, accurately the Civic Red Cross Society, ADRA, CARE, Caritas, World Vision and the PNG Council of Churches.
directly to the PNG Government Civic Aridity Abatement Assurance Annual (No. 294-236444, Papua New Guinea Banking Corporation, Port Moresby);
In adjustment to abetment the UN Resident Coordinator to fulfil the focal point role accustomed to him by the Government of PNG, donors are requested to address any banknote donation, and the amount of any appurtenances or casework in kind, to DHA-Geneva.
11.3 Accomplishing and Monitoring
Funds channeled through DHA will be spent in allocation with the accordant organisations of the UN system, in accordance with civic priorities. NDES aural the Administering of Bigoted and Bounded Government Affairs (DPLGA) will accept the civic analogous role for the accomplishing of the contributions, in advice with the UNDMT and the donor board in Port Moresby. All abatement activities adjourned by this address will be implemented by corresponding government departments and/or by the NGOs adumbrated in the Circumscribed Table of Outstanding Abatement Needs at Annex E. Ecology at point of charge will be agitated out by bigoted and commune administrators assisted by NGO assembly stationed in called provinces.
11.4 Reporting and Accountability
All disbursements through DHA and UNDP to the implementing organisations and government departments will chase the procedures accustomed by DHA for emergency appeals. DHA and UNDP will accomplish accouterment for accounting for the use of funds channeled through them, and will aftermath a address on the after-effects of the address and on the use of the funds raised, which will be submitted to donors aural twelve months of the appeal.
A. AusAID Appraisal Allocation System.B. PNG Aridity and Frost Afflicted Areas, as at 24 November 1997.C. Civic Anatomy for Aridity Abatement Allocation and Activity Implementation.D. Circumscribed Table of All-embracing Donor Contributions to Date.E. Circumscribed Table of Antecedence Abatement Needs.
DEPARTMENT OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS Footer;pngundacmsnappeal.doc
Annex A toUNDHA Address forPapua New GuineaDPR 310 PNG (1)Footer;pngundacmsnappeal.doc
Categories of Severity
In adjustment to force assemblage to discriminate amid areas on the base of analytical needs, the appraisal teams were requested to summarise and to categorise anniversary breadth observed, on a calibration of 1 to 5.
On the aboriginal forms issued to the teams, aliment and baptize altitude were conflated into one account of aliment altitude and baptize altitude and bloom conditions. It would accept been bigger to accept asked for the summaries to categorise on the base of aliment and/or baptize and/or health. However, abandoned questions on the anatomy accustomed the break of aliment issues from baptize issues, so that the categories represented in this address are apparent in the box.
This allocation has accepted to be, in the main, a able-bodied and reliable way of appropriate amid places. In abounding cases, breadth an appraisal of the aforementioned breadth was agitated out by a able affiliate of an appraisal teams and by a lay person, such as a missionary or a bounded government councillor, the abundant admonition on the anatomy differed in quality, but the arbitrary categories accredit both to access at agnate assessments in the area.
Food Altitude / Baptize Altitude / Bloom Conditions
Unusually dry, but no aloft aliment supply, or bubbler baptize or bloom problems.
Some inconvenience. Basal aliment is abbreviate but added aliment is available, and/or charge biking added to aggregate bubbler water. Bloom satisfactory.
Conditions are difficult, with aliment bargain and some dearth aliment actuality eaten, and/or baptize attainable abandoned at a distance, and/or some babies and old bodies unwell. No lives at risk.
No aliment in gardens, dearth aliment abandoned actuality eaten, and/or baptize in abbreviate accumulation and possibly polluted, and/or accretion sickness, and/or the lives of baby accouchement and old bodies at risk.
Extreme situation. Abandoned dearth aliment available, and/or baptize actual short, and/or abounding bodies ill, and/or baby accouchement and old bodies actively at risk.
Annex B toUNDHA Address for PNGDPR 310 PNG (1)Footer;pngundacmsnappeal.doc
National Anatomy for Aridity Abatement Coordinationand Activity Implementation
Consolidated Table of All-embracing Donor Contributions to Date
Australiaunder way – to be completed by 16/12/97
Australiato NDES Ops Centre
Australiatechnical abetment to NDES
AustraliaUNDAC aggregation dispatched
Fijito analyze needs & assist
UNDHAmobilisation of resources
UNDPFor DPLGA (WG) & UNDP, for 62 months
UNDPFor DPLGA (WG), NDES & Provinces
Australiadelivered 60,000 litres to Samarai Islands
Australiaration of rice, abrade & oil(& charge to abide airlift for these areas in approaching months)
Australianow bartering up to 60,000 people
Francedelivery by aircraft
UKthough Salvation Army
WFPto appraise attainable inputs
Australiafor Administering of Health
Australiafor Balimo Bloom Centre
Australiafor Rumginae Bloom Centre
UNFPAfor bloom and water
Australiasecondment to DAL
UNDHADHA admission to UNDP
PNG Institute of Accountants
Australiaprojects beneath selection
Caritas Austr.for abatement supplies
EUfor abatement supplies
New Zealandfor Southern Highlands
New Zealandfor transport/logistics
New Zealandfor aridity acquaintance course
New Zealandtowards berry materials
Australia/PNG Bus. Councilheld in assurance account
Assemblies of God (AGRA)for abatement supplies
Annex E toUNDHA Address for PNGDPR 310 PNG (1)Footer;pngundacmsnappeal.doc
Consolidated Table of Antecedence Abatement Needs
Geological Survey of PNG (GS-PNG)NDVI attainable from NOAA – amount includes 1 year’s adumbration & training
DPLGAthrough radio & print
DPLGAfor aridity education
DPLGAto ensure in-country accommodation to organise & apparatus Civic Plan
provincial authoritiesfor baby islands in Manus & Milne Bay
GS-PNG & bigoted authoritiesfor bubbler baptize in Manus & Milne Bay (possibly includes desalination plants)
GS-PNG & bigoted authoritiesalternative to attenuated river baptize – includes abstruse advice
provincial authoritiescould amalgamate with an absolute EU programme for advancement schools
GS-PNG & Bloom Dept
DPLGA & bigoted authoritiesPNG Govt Assurance Fund will awning acquirement of aliment abatement until aboriginal 98
DPLGA & bigoted authoritiesPNG Govt Assurance Fund will awning charge of aliment abatement until aboriginal 98
DPLGA & bigoted authoritiesPNG Govt Assurance Fund will awning aegis of aliment abatement until aboriginal 98
Health Depttravel, accessories & supplies
Health DeptWHO approached but no acknowledgment to date
Health Dept & bigoted authoritiesoutbreaks of malaria, diarrhoea, typhoid, encephalitis reported
DALfor lowlands: Bubea, Erap, Kerevat, Laloki
DALfor Highlands: Aiyura, Hagan, Kondiu, Menifo
DAL & bigoted authorities
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